In the early morning of September 16, 1810, the priest Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla summoned the people of Dolores Hidalgo, through the ringing of the church bells, to rise up in arms against the rule of the Spanish.
The Independence of Mexico
The period of our history known as the War of Independence begins (strictly speaking) at dawn on September 16, 1810, when Father Miguel Hidalgo gives the so-called “Grito de Dolores” and ends on September 27, 1821 (11 years later ) with the triumphal entry of the Trigarante Army, led by Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero, to a joyous Mexico City. The main objective of this movement (armed and social) was to liberate our territory from the Spanish yoke. That, in every corner of the Colony, the concept of viceroyalty would be completely forgotten.
La Independencia de Mexico has various stages. One of the most important ones ranges from the Grito de Dolores (September 16, 1810) to the battle of Puente de Calderón (in the current municipality of Zapotlanejo, Jalisco, on January 17, 1811), When the crowd led by Hidalgo – with his famous Guadalupano banner in hand – fought with more passion and courage than strategy, he was nevertheless defeated and captured.
Querétaro, as we all know, is the Cradle of Independence, since it was created here with important characters such as “La Corregidora” Doña Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, her husband the Corregidor, Hidalgo, Allende, Aldama, the brothers Epigmenio and Emeterio González, among others.
The national holidays bring together thousands of Mexican families, who come to the main squares and centers of the cities, as well as to the town hall buildings to commemorate one more anniversary of the Cry of Independence.
Bell of Dolores. The bell that Miguel Hidalgo rang at dawn on September 16, 1810, to motivate the people to rise up in arms “against the bad Spanish government”, once the war of Independence ended, was preserved by subsequent liberal governments as one of the primordial symbols of the beginning of that important movement. Today, the bell of Dolores can be admired, perfectly restored, in a niche located just above the central balcony of the National Palace, in the Historic Center of Mexico City. The President of the Republic in turn has the obligation to make it ring to relive, before the great public gathered on the plate of the Zócalo on the night of September 15, the cry that frenzied